Why Did Snape Kill Dumbledore?

One of the most shocking moments in the Harry Potter series is when Severus Snape kills Albus Dumbledore, the beloved headmaster of Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. This event has left many fans wondering why Snape would commit such an act, especially since he was Dumbledore’s most trusted confidant and ally.

While the answer to this question may seem complicated, it can be boiled down to a few key reasons. First and foremost, Snape killed Dumbledore because the headmaster asked him to. Dumbledore knew that his death was inevitable due to his failing health and the curse placed on the Gaunt ring, and he wanted to spare Draco Malfoy from having to commit the murder himself. By asking Snape to kill him instead, Dumbledore was able to protect both Draco and his own legacy.

However, there were also other factors at play in Snape’s decision to kill Dumbledore. Throughout the series, Snape was portrayed as a complex and conflicted character, with a deep loyalty to both Dumbledore and the Death Eaters. His actions were often shrouded in mystery, and it wasn’t until the final book that readers were able to fully understand his motivations.

The Background of the Story

In the Harry Potter series, Severus Snape is a character who is often misunderstood. He is initially portrayed as a villain, but as the story progresses, it becomes clear that he is actually a complex character with a tragic backstory. Snape was a former Death Eater who turned against Voldemort and became a spy for Dumbledore.

Throughout the series, it is hinted that Snape has a complicated relationship with Dumbledore. It is revealed in the sixth book, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, that Snape made an Unbreakable Vow with Narcissa Malfoy to protect her son, Draco, and to carry out a task assigned to him by Voldemort. This task, it is later revealed, is to kill Dumbledore.

Despite this, Dumbledore trusts Snape completely and believes that he is still loyal to him. In fact, Dumbledore has instructed Snape to kill him when the time comes, as part of a plan to defeat Voldemort. This plan is not revealed until the final book, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.

The Events Leading Up to the Murder

Severus Snape was a double agent, working both for Dumbledore and Voldemort. Dumbledore trusted Snape completely, and Snape was instrumental in the fight against Voldemort. However, Snape had to maintain his cover as a Death Eater, which meant that he had to do things that were unsavory, including killing Dumbledore.

The events leading up to the murder of Dumbledore began with the prophecy that Voldemort was after. Dumbledore had heard part of the prophecy, and he knew that it was about Harry Potter. Voldemort also knew about the prophecy, and he believed that it was about him. Voldemort had sent Draco Malfoy to Hogwarts to kill Dumbledore, but Dumbledore was aware of the plan.

Dumbledore knew that he was going to die soon, and he wanted to control the circumstances of his death. He asked Snape to kill him instead of Malfoy, which would give Snape the opportunity to maintain his cover as a Death Eater. Snape was initially reluctant to do it, but he agreed to carry out Dumbledore’s wishes.

On the night of the murder, Snape arrived at Hogwarts with the Death Eaters. He used the Killing Curse to kill Dumbledore, and then he fled the scene. Harry Potter witnessed the murder, and he was devastated. Snape became a hated figure in Harry’s eyes, and he was seen as a murderer.

The Revelation of Snape’s True Allegiance

One of the most shocking moments in the Harry Potter series was when it was revealed that Severus Snape, the Potions Master at Hogwarts, was actually working for Dumbledore all along. This revelation came after Snape killed Dumbledore, which left many readers wondering why Snape would do such a thing.

It was later revealed that Dumbledore had asked Snape to kill him, as part of a plan to protect Draco Malfoy from having to carry out Voldemort’s orders. Snape’s true allegiance to Dumbledore was also revealed, as he had been working as a double agent for the Order of the Phoenix throughout the series.

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Snape’s true loyalty to Dumbledore was demonstrated when he agreed to make an Unbreakable Vow to protect Draco and fulfill Dumbledore’s plan. This vow ensured that Snape would do everything in his power to help Draco, even if it meant going against Voldemort’s wishes.

Despite the fact that Snape had previously been a Death Eater and had shown loyalty to Voldemort, he ultimately proved himself to be on the side of good. His actions in killing Dumbledore and protecting Draco were all part of a larger plan to defeat Voldemort and protect the wizarding world from his reign of terror.

The Reasons Behind Snape’s Actions

One of the primary reasons why Snape killed Dumbledore was his loyalty to him. Throughout the Harry Potter series, Snape is portrayed as a complex character with a deep loyalty to Dumbledore. Snape had been working as a double agent for Dumbledore for many years, providing him with valuable information about Voldemort and his Death Eaters. When Dumbledore asked Snape to kill him, he did not hesitate to carry out his wishes.

Snape knew that killing Dumbledore would be a difficult and dangerous task, but he was willing to do it because of his loyalty to Dumbledore. He knew that it was the only way to protect Hogwarts and the students from Voldemort’s wrath.

Another reason why Snape killed Dumbledore was his motivation for doing so. Dumbledore was already dying from the curse that had been placed on him by the Horcrux, and he knew that he had only a few months left to live. He also knew that Voldemort had tasked Draco Malfoy with killing him, and that if Draco failed, Voldemort would kill him himself.

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Dumbledore asked Snape to kill him instead of letting Draco do it because he knew that it would spare Draco from becoming a murderer and would also prevent Voldemort from getting his hands on the Elder Wand. Snape agreed to kill Dumbledore because he knew that it was the only way to protect Draco and prevent Voldemort from becoming even more powerful.

Overall, Snape’s loyalty to Dumbledore and his motivation to protect Hogwarts, the students, and Draco Malfoy were the main reasons why he killed Dumbledore.


Snape’s killing of Dumbledore is one of the most shocking moments in the Harry Potter series. While it may seem like an act of betrayal, Snape’s actions were actually part of a larger plan to defeat Voldemort and protect the wizarding world.

Through his double agent role, Snape was able to gain the trust of the Death Eaters and provide valuable information to the Order of Phoenix. He also helped to protect Harry Potter, who was the key to defeating Voldemort.

While Snape’s motives for killing Dumbledore may have been complex, it is clear that he acted out of a sense of duty and loyalty to Dumbledore and the wizarding world. His actions ultimately helped to bring about the defeat of Voldemort and the restoration of peace to the wizarding world.

Overall, Snape’s character is one of the most complex and intriguing in the Harry Potter series. His actions may have been controversial, but they were ultimately driven by a desire to do what was best for the greater good.

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